Although, at first sight, the commandment in Exodus 28 seem to be meant only for Aaron and his sons, its generality is made clear in the last verse of of the chapter, which clearly states that God's holy garment instructions "shall be a statute for ever." And since "for ever" means "forever" -- this commandment is still in effect.
- Make holy garments for glory and for beauty.
Make a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, an embroidered coat, a miter, and a girdle.
Thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. ... These are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen. Exodus 28:2-5Make the ephod out of gold, with cunningly embroidered blue, purple, and scarlet-colored fine linen. Join the shoulder pieces together at the edges.
And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work. It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together. Exodus 28:6-7Make the curious girdle of the ephod out of the same materials that you used when making the ephod.
And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. Exodus 28:8Engrave the names of Israel's (Jacob's) first six sons on one of the onyx stones (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, and Naphtali), and the name of the last six sons on the other stone (Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin). Attach these stones to gold chains and place them on the shoulders of the ephod.
And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth. With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial. And thou shalt make ouches of gold; And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches. Exodus 28:9-14Make the breastplate of judgment as cunningly as you made the ephod and out of the same materials. It shall be square in shape, 22 cm on a side. Embed four rows of stones. The first row shall have a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle. In the second use an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. The third row shall have an ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. The last row shall have a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper. Set each of these rows in gold and write the names of Jacob's sons on them. Attach some gold chains to gold rings on the breastplate and fasten the whole mess onto the curious girdle of the ephod.
And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it. Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof. And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes. And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold. And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate. And thou shalt put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate. And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it. And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, which is in the side of the ephod inward. And two other rings of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod. And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod. Exodus 28:15-28Put the Urim and the Thummim on the breastplate of judgment.
And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually. And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually. Exodus 28:29-30Make a blue robe of the ephod with a hole in the top. Reinforce the hole so it won't rip. Below the hem of the robe attach some blue pomegranates and golden bells. Do this so that God will hear Aaron coming. (Without the bell God wouldn't hear him coming and would kill him.)
And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue. And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent. And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about: A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about. And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not. Exodus 28:31-35Make a gold plate and engrave "HOLINESS TO THE LORD" on it. Put the plate on some blue lace and attach it to the miter that is on Aaron's head. This plate must stay on Aaron's forehead forever.
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be. And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD. Exodus 28:36-38Embroider the coat of fine linen, make the miter of fine linen, and the girdle of needlework.
And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre of fine linen, and thou shalt make the girdle of needlework. Exodus 28:39Make some coats, girdles, and bonnets for Aaron's sons for glory and beauty. And make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness from their loins down to their thighs. Make sure Aaron and his sons where these holy breeches when they enter the tabernacle or God will kill them.
And for Aaron's sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty. And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office. And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach: And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die. Exodus 28:40-43aAll of these instructions are a commandment from God forever.
It shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him. Exodus 28:43b